The Institution of Mechanical Engineering looks at the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.

IMechE Archive and Library

L&MR was opened on 15 Sep 1830 between Liverpool and Manchester. It was first public transport system which did not use animal traction power and the first to provide a scheduled passenger service; although it could be argued that it was seen as even more crucial for goods to be conveyed at the time. The initial 1823 survey for the line was carried out by William James but was considered defective and in 1824 George Stephenson was appointed engineer in his place. Stephenson was replaced, apparently further mistakes were made possibly due to the absence of Robert Stephenson. George and John Rennie were then appointed as engineers, they chose Charles Blacker Vignoles as their surveyor. The crossing of Chat Moss, saw both Rennie’s and the Vignoles resign and bought the return of Stephenson as engineer with Joseph Locke as his assistant (later removed).  The archive collections at IMechE include…

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